Counselling Psychology And Psychotherapy


CBT Depression

anger, stress, depression, anxiety management, relationship counselling, confidence issues and social anxiety, trauma.

Briefly, counselling psychology and psychotherapy are talking therapies that aim to help clients alleviate their difficulties. The process involves assessment, the psychotherapist will firstly assess the client and the client will set the goal for the sessions. The therapist will then start the psychotherapy process and will draw on a number of different therapeutic approaches, choosing the most suitable approach, for each of the client’s individual issue with the hope that this will help the client alleviate any emotional difficulties and to reach the end and desired outcome. The counselling psychology process and psychotherapy, take into account not only the client’s present and past issues but also exploration of societal trends that could play role in the development and maintenance of the client’s issues. Ideally, the therapist should also suggest some work in between the sessions at home as an hour of therapy for a lifetime accumulation of issues is helpful but not doing extra work could prolong the psychotherapy process.


Typically, the therapists who received training in the counselling psychology or psychotherapy either in the United Kingdom or anywhere else in the World, would have received training in more than one therapeutic approach.  The majority of the therapeutic approaches used in the counselling psychology or psychotherapy originated outside of the United Kingdom. The commonly used therapeutic approaches used in the sessions are: Classical Psychoanalysis, Hypnosis, Psychodrama, Person-Centered Therapy, Phenomenological Approach, Transactional Analysis, and the more recent and very popular Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and NLP. 

  • Classical Psychoanalysis: Sigmund Freud * The Czech Republic and † England
  • Phenomenology: Edmund Husserl * The Czech Republic and  † Germany
  • Hypnosis: Franz Mesmer * Austria and † Germany
  • Person-Centered Therapy: Carl Rogers * USA and † USA
  • Transactional Analysis: Eric Berne * Canada and † USA
  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy: Aaron Beck  * USA
  • Psychodrama: Jacob Moreno * Romania and † USA
  • Gestalt: Fritz Perls * Germany and † USA; Laura Perls * Germany and † Germany.
Last updated: May 8, 2017 at 8:26 am